The Holden Torana is a mid-sized automobile synthetic by means of Holden from 1967 to 1980. The call comes from an Aboriginal word meaning “to fly”. The first Torana (HB collection) turned into released in 1967 and become a 4-cylinder compact car with origins within the British Vauxhall Vivas of the mid-Sixties.
Whilst the 1969-73 (LC and LJ series) cars protected greater famous, longer-wheelbase six-cylinder variations, and with the 1974-77 (LH and LX collection) vehicles including eight-cylinder variations to the mixture, various 4-cylinder variations persisted for the whole manufacturing lifestyles of the lj torana (with later variations being advertised because the Holden Sunbird from November 1976).
Changing tack in Australian motor game, Holden released the LC Torana GTR XU-1 in 1970, with performance-enhanced drivetrain and dealing with. From this time via to the release of the Holden Commodore, the Torana remained Holden’s most a hit sports/performance vehicle, with many victories garnered in rallying and circuit racing.
The advent of the VB Commodore in 1978 became preceded with the aid of the arrival of the up to date UC Torana/Sunbird twins, however with no sports activities versions or V8 engine options. The Torana became sooner or later discontinued in 1979, accompanied via the four-cylinder Sunbird in 1980.
Introduced in May 1967 to update the HA collection Vauxhall Viva within the Australian market, the first Torana model turned into a facelifted HB series Vauxhall Viva. It featured a two-door frame, 12-inch (305-mm) wheels, and a 56-bhp 1.2-litre four-cylinder engine mated to a four-velocity gearbox. A Borg-Warner Model 35 three-speed computerized transmission turned into non-obligatory. Drum brakes have been outfitted front and rear, with electricity-assisted the front disc brakes elective.
In early 1968, a “Series 70” engine alternative – equivalent to the ‘ninety’ option for the British Vauxhall Viva – became added. This engine had a higher compression ratio, a better-lift camshaft, and a single CD Zenith-Stromberg carburettor, which boosted output to 69 bhp (51 kW; 70 PS). Power-assisted the front disc brakes were popular when this engine turned into used, and the automated transmission option become now not available with the standard 56 bhp (forty two kW; fifty seven PS) engine. A ‘sports’ model become also released in October 1967, referred to as the ‘Brabham’ Torana, named in honour of the nicely-reputable Australian race-automobile driver, Sir Jack Brabham. The Brabham Torana’s engine changed into based totally at the Series 70, but twin CD Zenith-Stromberg carburettors with sports activities air cleaners were fitted. Together with the low-restrict exhaust device, this boosted the energy to seventy nine bhp (fifty nine kW; eighty PS). The Brabham additionally covered wider wheel rims and pink-wall tyres, power-assisted the front disc brakes as wellknown, one-of-a-kind badging, and black body accents. An automatic transmission become now not to be had in this model.
In September 1968, the ‘sixty nine Torana’ became released, from time to time called the HB Series II. This featured regionally made body panels, changing the imported bodies of the authentic HB. The version lineup now covered a four-door sedan which some declare become advanced in Australia, with four-door our bodies shipped lower back to the UK to be built and sold as the Viva. However, the Vauxpedia website, after great studies with Vauxhall, says that, in truth the four-door was designed in England, to compete with Ford’s 4-door Escort, and both Holden and Vauxhall made their very own frame panels for his or her respective Torana and Viva versions. A collapsible steerage column was now outfitted, together with a new recessed tool cluster, new indicator switch, and new steerage wheel borrowed from the present day complete-sized Holden. These neighborhood additives changed the previously imported Vauxhall items. A effect of the usage of those neighborhood components was the loss of the stalk-operated headlight dip transfer and horn. The dip transfer ended up on the ground, as became the case for complete-sized Holdens. Dual-circuit brakes had been now trendy on all models, though electricity-assisted front disc brakes have been still elective with the same old 56 bhp (42 kW; 57 PS) engine. The Brabham Torana became nevertheless to be had, in two-door shape simplest. It now protected a sports activities guidance wheel much like the modern Holden Monaro GTS, complete instrumentation, special badging, and special black accenting. The HB Torana endured until overdue 1969. Total production became sixteen,318 with imported panels and 20,243 with the regionally synthetic our bodies.